Then, I placed the pennies in each jar overnight. After that, I took out the penny and replaced it with the nail in each jar and observed what happened over three days. The nail in the solution with a pH of 1 was completely dissolved. The nail in the solution with a pH of 2 was partially dissolved. Do not use vague terms like "most" or "some. State what your science fair project or invention contributes to the area you worked in.
Did you meet your objectives? For an engineering project state whether you met your design criteria. Things to Avoid Avoid jargon or any technical terms that most readers won't understand.
Avoid abbreviations or acronyms that are not commonly understood unless you describe what they mean. Abstracts do not have a bibliography or citations. Abstracts do not contain tables or graphs. For most science fairs, the abstract must focus on the previous 12 months' research or less , and give only minimal reference to any earlier work.
To each sample, I added Daphnia magna and then recorded the number of organisms alive after 24 and 48 hours. Great care was taken to properly maintain the Daphnia magna culture for the experiments. Informational Abstracts An informational abstract is a type of abstract used to communicate an experiment or lab report. An informational abstract is like a mini-paper. Its length ranges from a paragraph to pages, depending on the scope of the report.
Summarize all aspects of the report, including purpose, method, results, conclusions, and recommendations. There are no graphs, charts, tables, or images in an abstract. Similarly, an abstract does not include a bibliography or references. Highlight important discoveries or anomalies. It's okay if the experiment did not go as planned and necessary to state the outcome in the abstract.
Here is a good format to follow, in order, when writing an informational abstract. Each section is a sentence or two long: Motivation or Purpose: State why the subject is important or why anyone should care about the experiment and its results. Visitors to the science fair can also read the abstract for a quick overview of the project. Many science competitions limit the abstract to words. Because the abstract serves as the summary of your project, choose content carefully so you can highlight the key information.
Abstract Parts Most science project abstracts include five basic sections: an introductory statement, problem statement, procedures, results and a concluding statement. The introduction gives you the chance to hook readers by explaining the purpose of the project and why it is helpful or meaningful.
Highlight important discoveries or anomalies. This very low concentration confirms how only a little bit of oil can cause serious damage to the environment. In a WET test, aquatic animals are exposed to an effluent to determine if the effluent harms the animals. What was your hypothesis? Your board is all ready to go.
Your board is all ready to go. Sample of an Abstract for a Science Project The objective of this science project is to study the correlation between muscle development and the amount of stress exerted on to the muscles during exercise. After that, I took out the penny and replaced it with the nail in each jar and observed what happened over three days. Your results section shows how your experiment turned out, using specific numbers or outcomes.
A Sample Abstract Here is an abstract from our daughter's project to give you an idea of what it can look like: I was fascinated by an experiment we recently did on using an acid to plate copper on a nail. However, the downside to not knowing how to write an abstract for a science project is that if the abstract is poorly worded or organized, the reader will not be compelled to read on and will simply toss the report in the trash can. Remember that you have to divide the total allowed word count of words among 5 elements so that comes down to 50 words for each part. Your science fair project abstract lets people quickly determine if they want to read the entire report. There are no graphs, charts, tables, or images in an abstract.
What did you learn from your project?